Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2, also known as Type 2 Diabetes is a disease in which your pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or your body does not use the insulin it makes properly.

Diabetes Treatment

Controlling blood sugar (glucose) levels is the major goal of diabetes treatment, in order to prevent complications of the disease. Type 1 and 2 diabetes can be managed with dietary changes and exercise.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk, and there are often no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy.

Disease: Blood Glucose Monitoring

Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) is an important and essential tool for people living with diabetes, and should be individualized for each patient.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is defined as being the inability to have sexual relations for a period of three months or more.

Foot Health

Foot Health covers treatment and a wide variety of health conditions, including deformity correction, diabetic foot care, and arthritis and orthotics.


Glucose is a a type of sugar you get from foods you eat, and your body uses it for energy. As it travels through your bloodstream to your cells, it's called blood glucose or blood sugar.

Graves' Disease

Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid. With this disease, your immune system attacks the thyroid and causes it to make more thyroid hormone than your body needs.

Heart Attack

A heart attack happens when muscle tissue in the heart is denied the flow of oxygen-rich blood due to a blocked artery. It is considered a medical emergency.


Hemochromatosis is the most common form of iron overload disease. Too much iron in the body causes hemochromatosis. ... However, too much iron in the body leads to iron overload—a buildup of extra iron that, without treatment, can damage organs such as the liver, heart, and pancreas; endocrine glands; and joints.


Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much of a hormone called thyroxine. It can accelerate your body's metabolism and cause weight loss, sweating, irregular heartbeat and more.


Insulin therapy is often an important part of diabetes treatment. Understand the key role insulin plays in managing your blood sugar, and the goals of insulin therapy. What you learn can help you prevent diabetes complications.

Insulin Pumps & Injectors

An insulin can be injected by various devices to make treatment easier for patients with diabetes. Devices such as insulin pens, insulin pumps and FLASH technology are the various devices currently available.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones (renal lithiasis, nephrolithiasis) are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys.


Lipohypertophy occurs when an area of skin is used multiple times to inject insulin. The subcutaneous fat becomes thickened or 'rubbery' and can feel like a lump or bump to the touch.

Nutrition in Diabetes

Understanding how nutrition and various foods can affect your blood sugar levels and overall health is important when trying to successfully manage diabetes.


Osteomalacia refers to a marked softening of your bones, most often caused by severe vitamin D deficiency. The softened bones of children and young adults with osteomalacia can lead to bowing during growth, especially in weight-bearing bones of the legs. Osteomalacia in older adults can lead to fractures.

Pernicious Anemia

Pernicious anemia is a decrease in red blood cells that occurs when the intestines cannot properly absorb vitamin B12.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that can affect everything from a woman's menstrual cycle to her ability to have children. Symptoms include thinning hair, acne and increased hair growth on the face and body.

Postprandial Glucose

A postprandial glucose test is a blood glucose test that determines the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in the blood after a meal

Safe and Effective Insulin Injection Techniques

The way that you insert your syringe or pen needle into your skin in order to get a proper dosage of insulin is called your insulin injection technique.

Smoking Cessation

There are a variety of smoking cessation tools including prescription drugs and nicotine replacement aids.

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland. It is a disease in which cells grow abnormally and have the potential to spread to other parts of the body. Symptoms can include swelling or a lump in the neck.

Top 10 Physiotherapy Treatments

Physiotherapy is a great option for many common everyday injuries. Here are ten great treatment options.